I spent much of yesterday following up my not-so-new idea that social idleness correlated with (and caused?) increased longevity of life. It led me into reading about the condition of the working classes in England during the last few centuries, the Factory Acts, the Education Acts, and the introduction of old age State Pensions.

At some point in it I came across the depiction of a bare-chested girl dragging a truck full of coal along a narrow tunnel in a mine, and wondered what outrage it must have caused in England a century or two ago. She may as well have been a human cart-horse. And she probably didn’t live very long.

And it did cause outrage. For that sort of thing led to the growth of the trade union movement in Britain. And it also saw Karl Marx, then living in London, write Das Kapital. And, from these small beginnings, both evolved over the next century into powerful political movements, the latter one dominating half the world, and resulting in a Cold War in the latter half of the 20th century which still hasn’t quite completely died out.

There seems to be a natural cycle to the growth of these movements. They begin with outrage at something, and swell into political movements, and in the process gradually mutate from being benign into being malignant. The Trade Union movement in Britain had become a threat to the power of the British state by 1980. And Communism had brought the Gulag Archipelago.

The Factory Acts of the 19th century were accompanied by numerous Health and Safety measures. And Health and Safety started out as something benign, and now in its turn it has become something malignant.

Initially Health and Safety concerned itself with the safety of workers using powerful machines which could (and did) periodically kill them. And then Health and Safety extended itself to entire cities, bringing clean water supplies, sewerage systems, street lighting, and Clean Air Acts.

During this period Health and Safety was almost entirely benign. It helped people. But in the latter half of the 20th century, it began to be increasingly malignant. And the malignancy grew out of the application of a concern for health and safety into ever more minute details of everyday life. What had started out as a Good Thing gradually became Too Much Of A Good Thing, as the inner logic was applied relentlessly to everything.

And so the Clean Air Acts that were used to clean up the smoke from factory chimneys and then the smoke from house chimneys began to applied to cigarettes and cigars and pipes. There was No Safe Level of any sort of smoke at all. It’s surprising that candles and incense haven’t been banned. It’s surprising that the antismokers haven’t marched into churches and ripped candles from the altars, and emptied the thuribles.

It helps people walking up and down stairs, or across bridges, to have handrails to prevent them falling off, and badly injuring themselves. But after a while, as the handrails multiply, they gradually become prison bars. What was once preventing people from being badly injured is now preventing them from doing anything at all. What started out as a way of liberating people has ended up as a way of constraining them, as the logic of prevention has been rigorously played out, one logical step after another to the point of absurdity.

Multiplying smoking bans, alcohol restrictions, food warnings, etc, are not helping people in their everyday lives: they’re hindering them. They’re gradually turning people into slaves. Instead of making life easier, they’re making it harder.

But the sanctimonious, holier-than-thou, health and safety zealots can’t see it. They press on regardless.

And most likely the rich mine and factory owners of 19th century England were equally as sanctimonious, self-satisfied, and holier-than-thou as any of today’s health and safety zealots. They probably saw themselves as providing the world with cheap, high quality, manufactured goods. They probably never stepped inside their factories or mines. They probably never saw 14-year-old girls dragging coal-laden trucks. They were probably as shocked as anyone else when they learned about them, and offered scant resistance to the government inspectors sent to oversee them. 150 years later it’s those government inspectors who’ve stepped into their shoes, and become the new tyrants and oppressors and enslavers.

And so now we are seeing a new social movement starting. This time it’s not a revolt against greedy factory owners, but against greedy government regulators and inspectors interfering in people’s everyday lives in ever-multiplying numbers of ways. And smokers are in the vanguard of this nascent social movement. They’re the modern equivalent of oppressed workers in 19th century factories. And in 150 years time, when they’ve not only stripped all the bars from their prison windows, but also stripped them from staircases and bridges, this movement will in its turn become malignant.

But it might not take as long as 150 years. For the speed of communications has vastly increased over the past 150 years. Back then you only communicated ideas through printed pamphletss and town hall rallies. But now it’s possible for oppressed smokers to talk face to face with other oppressed smokers anywhere in the world. It’s what I’ve been doing regularly in the Smoky Drinky Bar, where everyone is some sort of oppressed smoker or drinker or vaper. There’s a nascent social movement forming – swarming -, everywhere in the world.

And they’re being united by their shared outraged experience of exclusion and persecution, much like the trade union movement or the Communist party was united by its members’ shared outraged experience of toil and hardship.  They recognise each other by the cigarettes or pipes or cigars in their mouths. And what they can’t stand is Big Government, much like the trade union movement couldn’t stand Big Business. And they are all natural conservatives who wish to conserve a smoky drinky culture which Big Government – in the form of Tobacco Control – wishes to control and restrict and suppress.

In this respect Paul Joseph Watson’s new slogan – “Conservatism is the New Counterculture” (see right) – is almost exactly right. The only pity is that he and Alex Jones and Roger Stone and Steve Pieczenik  and all the rest of the crew of InfoWars.com aren’t puffing away on cigarettes and cigars while they speak, and aren’t declaring – what seems blindingly obvious to this Englishman – that anti-smoking is anti-American. Because America’s wealth was originally founded upon the tobacco it exported to the rest of the world. And no American should ever forget it any more than no Englishman should ever forget that England’s greatest export to the world has above all else been the English language.

About Frank Davis

This entry was posted in Uncategorized and tagged , , . Bookmark the permalink.

18 Responses to Outrage

  1. Emily says:

    “Conservatism is the New Counterculture”

    Completely agree with this! Also “anti-smoking is anti-American” would make a good t shirt slogan too.

    • Emily, it’d be nice if we could get translations of ISIS officials talking about how smokers need to be eliminated etc. Having those quotes in places with the attribution made nice and clear at the end could be helpful!

  2. Rose says:

    In reply to Walt’s comment on the previous page

    “The FDA plans to begin a public dialogue about lowering nicotine levels in combustible cigarettes to non-addictive levels through achievable product standards.”

    I’ve been working on this all morning, so please bear with me.

    • Rose says:

      When they considered this in 2007, TC didn’t like it a bit, after all nicotine has been a stick to beat smokers with for as long as I can remember so they’d hardly want to get rid of it, so as usual they did a study.

      Nicotine-Free Cigarettes May Increase Heart Disease Risks for Smokers; New Study Reveals Another Potential Contraindication to FDA Tobacco Legislation
      Thursday, May 17, 2007

      “The researchers, from the State University of New York at Stony Brook, examined the effect on platelet activity of switching smokers from a low-nicotine to a zero-nicotine cigarette. They found that platelet activation increased significantly more among smokers who switched to zero-nicotine cigarettes than among those who continued to smoke low-nicotine cigarettes. In other words, nicotine did appear to suppress to some extent the platelet activating effect of cigarette smoking. Thus, the absence of nicotine led to higher levels of platelet activation, which would be expected to yield a more thrombotic state, and a higher cardiovascular disease risk.”

      Reduced-nicotine cigarettes increase platelet activation in smokers in vivo: a dilemma in harm reduction.

      Now this was at a time when I hadn’t started following the machinations of TC and was still wondering what happened to nicotine when it was burned, so when I eventually read it, it completely passed me by.

      However having revisited it, instead of dismissing it out of hand let’s try and make it work by a minor change of names.

    • Rose says:

      Incidentally, did you know that in attacking us, TC was taking on the Universe?

      July 23, 2015
      NASA Researchers Find “Frozen” Recipe for Extraterrestrial Vitamin

      Vitamin B3 could have been made on icy dust grains in space, and later delivered to Earth by meteorites and comets, according to new laboratory experiments by a team of NASA-funded researchers. Vitamin B3, also known as niacin or nicotinic acid, is used to build NAD (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide), which is essential to metabolism and probably ancient in origin. The result supports a theory that the origin of life may have been assisted by a supply of biologically important molecules produced in space and brought to Earth by comet and meteor impacts.

      The new work builds on earlier research by the team in which they analyzed carbon-rich meteorites and discovered that vitamin B3 was present at concentrations ranging from about 30 to 600 parts-per-billion. In that work, the team performed preliminary laboratory experiments that showed vitamin B3 could be made from a simpler building-block organic molecule called pyridine in carbon dioxide ice under conditions that simulated the environment in space.”

      In 1941, the tobacco companies found it was even in their cigarettes.

      P. Lorillard Company
      Middletown Branch

      Nicotinic acid – 1941 (p.2)
      “We find that the smoke from ordinary Ripple cigarettes contains the anti-pellagra vitamin or nicotinic acid in fairly substantial amounts. However, the quantity is probably too low for a man to rely upon this source alone for his nicotinic acid requirement. At least to do so he would find it necessary to smoke an unreasonable number”
      “You will recall that in our letter of March 11th we doubted that vitamins could be absorbed from tobacco smoke by the throat and lung tissues. However, we have now found that nicotinic acid is dissolved in the saliva of the smoker when smoking ordinary cigarettes, and even in greater amounts when smoking cigarettes made from the enriched tobacco. Thus, the vitamin does not have to be absorbed thru the lungs, but will be swallowed in the approved manner. These conclusions are based on actual analysis of saliva, collected from a smoker while smoking.
      “In other words, we analyzed the saliva, which would have otherwise been swallowed. No Nicotinic Acid occurred in the smoker’s saliva before smoking. We feel that we have made this report sufficiently long to cover the discoveries, which we regard as quite remarkable”

      No wonder they found that nicotinic acid passed through fire unchanged.

      “Nicotine is produced in the roots of tobacco by the linking of compounds derived from nicotinic acid and putrescine. Nicotine is one of many nicotinic alkaloids in tobacco but is the most prevalent, making up 85-95% of the total of nicotinic alkaloids in typical commercial tobacco.”
      http: //www.xxiicentury.com/technology/

    • Rose says:

      In the late thirties they found that Nicotinic Acid cured a disease called Pellagra

      “Conrad A. Elvehjem, (May 27, 1901–July 27, 1962), was internationally known as a biochemist in nutrition. In 1937 he identified a molecule found in fresh meat and yeast as a new vitamin, nicotinic acid, now called niacin. His discovery led directly to the cure of human pellagra, once a major health problem in the United States.”

      He also found it in tobacco smoke.

      “Parmele informed Mr Riefner that work on nicotinic acid could be confirmed free of charge by Dr Elvehjem at the University of Wisconsin.
      Dr Elvehjam analyzed samples prepared by Parmele by the microbiological assay method of Snell and Wright. The mirobiological method was more specific than the chemical method employed by Parmele.
      Lower levels of nicotinic acid were found, but Parmele’s essential findings were confirmed”

      But that didn’t please the anti-smokers of the day because of the vitamins connections and they objected to the nutritionists trying to put in the bread until it had a change of name.


      “A poor name is a handicap to the promotion of a meritorious product. The name “nicotinic acid” for the vitamin so important in the prevention of pellagra has been doubly unfortunate. To the general public the word “nicotinic” implies too strongly the relationship of this vitamin to nicotine, the chief alkaloid of tobacco often used as an insecticide. The term “acid” denotes a corrosive substance such as the liquid used in automobile storage batteries. The vitamin called “nicotinic acid” was first produced in the laboratory in 1867 by the oxidation of nicotine with potassium chromate and sulfuric acid. Later the compound was named nicotinic acid because it had been made from nicotine and it had the ability to form salts. As a laboratory curiosity, which it remained for over seventy years, nicotinic acid was adequately named. From the point of view of those interested in furthering the distribution of foods enriched with this dietary essential the name has proved unsuitable.”

      I will get to the point shortly, I promise.

      • Some French bloke says:

        In the late thirties they found that Nicotinic Acid cured a disease called Pellagra

        Were you aware that tobacco smoking had previously been pointed to as the culprit? I’ll just paste in three short quotes, for the sake of entertainment and added historical perspective.
        From p 274 of The Aristocracy of Health; a study of physical culture, our favorite poisons, and a national and international league for the advancement of physical culture by Mary Foote Henderson (1904):


        M. DEPIERRIS in ” Le Tabac ” devotes a most interesting chapter to this disease. It being
        unquestionably a disease resulting from the use of tobacco, a few remarks and quotations are here given:

        “If one pays serious attention to the alteration of the blood caused by tobacco poison, which can be noticed by a gray leaden color of the skin one may discover the true cause of a new malady, la pellagre, which at first seemed mysterious in appearance, but which coincides with the progress of the tobacco blight.”

        The following section (p 279), Physicians and Tobacco depicts smokers as under-achievers:

        “In discussing the subject of tobacco, Dr. Woods especially deplores the habit which weakens the power of achievement, and by an artificial soothing makes man content with any kind of condition.”

        The rest of the chapter is chiefly made up of long quotes from Dr. Woods’ articles, including this early attempt at spreading the SHS scare:

        “The drunkard does not compel you to drink, the opium eater to eat opium, but the smoker makes you smoke, nay, more, visibly inhale the very vapor just ejected from his own mouth.”

        (788 page pdf at:)

        Click to access 20090630001ar.pdf

        • Rose says:

          No I didn’t SFB, I knew that when maize was brought to Europe people who relied on it for food developed Pellagra, but I didn’t know that Tobacco had been blamed. Thank you for the link.

          The Eugenicists had tried to claim Pellagra too.

          July 1916

          “Early in the spring of 1913 the desirability of the study of pellagra from the viewpoint of heredity as a causative factor was brought to the attention of the Thompson-McFadden Pellagra Commission by Dr. Charles B. Davenport, Eugenics Record Office, Cold Spring Harbor, N. Y.

          Under the joint patronage of the two offices fieldwork was begun in Spartanburg, June 1, 1913, and continued until Oct. 1, 1913. Through the winter the data collected were carefully reviewed, arranged in family groups and charted. It was found that in many instances more details were necessary, and the Thompson Pellagra Commission in 1914 decided that the results obtained were of sufficient merit to warrant another summer’s work. Accordingly, fieldwork was begun May 1, 1914, and continued until Sept. 1, 1914. This year the association of pellagrins with antecedent cases was also carefully noted for comparison.”

          The problem was when we took the corn we didn’t take the recipe.

          Pellagra or “the sour skin” disease
          “Unfortunately, wherever maize went, a disease called “pellagra” was sure to follow.”

          “The puzzle started to be solved when it was noted that pellagra was rare in Mexico despite widespread consumption of maize. The reason appeared to lay in the different way in which the grain was prepared in Mexico.
          The people of the Aztec and Mayan civilisations softened the corn to make it edible with an alkaline solution-limewater. This process liberated the bound niacin (also known as niacytin) and the important amino acid tryptophan, from which niacin can be formed, making both “bioavailable” for digestion.

          The ancient practice of soaking the maize meal overnight in lime water before making tortillas was never transferred to those countries in the Old World to which maize travelled or to communities subsisting largely on maize as a staple food. This almost invariably led to the niacin deficiency disease, pellagra.”

          But I can see the false association , the people in the south used tobacco a lot both chewing and smoking but as the Lorillard scientist remarked.

          “We find that the smoke from ordinary Ripple cigarettes contains the anti-pellagra vitamin or nicotinic acid in fairly substantial amounts. However, the quantity is probably too low for a man to rely upon this source alone for his nicotinic acid requirement. At least to do so he would find it necessary to smoke an unreasonable number”

          Right instinct, wrong amount.

        • Frank Davis says:

          “The drunkard does not compel you to drink, the opium eater to eat opium, but the smoker makes you smoke, nay, more, visibly inhale the very vapor just ejected from his own mouth.”

          That’s equally true of air.

          I’m always breathing air that someone else just breathed.

        • Rose says:

          Medicine: Pellagra Cure
          Monday, Aug. 22, 1938

          “Over 1,000,000 families in the rural South eat nothing but salt pork, corn meal and molasses. Their members are frequent victims of that painful deficiency disease, pellagra, with its attendant diarrhea, dementia, dermatitis. Physicians have known for nearly 25 years that small amounts of green vegetables and milk will forestall the disease. But still pellagra continues. In its advanced stages it has been considered incurable, since the patients are unable to ingest the necessary kinds of food.

          Last week the Journal of the American Medical Association printed two articles on pellagra showing the startlingly beneficial results of a new treatment.

          Nicotinic acid a distant relative (about second cousin once removed) of tobacco’s nicotine, is found in yeast, wheat germ and liver. When considerable quantities were fed to some 300 patients with pellagra, their sores healed, their cramps disappeared.
          Even patients who were violently insane dramatically regained their wits within 48 hours.”

          “The niacin content of unfortified tobacco was found to be 0.13mg. niacin over three fourths of the cigarette.”

          Though we have much better diets these days that could be what all that legendary “craving” after smoking cessation might really be about.

        • Rose says:



          “For the first third of this century, pellagra was a scourge across the American South, killing thousands and afflicting hundreds of thousands more. Its cause was unknown, and there was no treatment, let alone cure. Victims were shunned like lepers, and by 1914 the sickness was a national scandal.”

          “Pellagra was known as the disease of the three D’s: dermatitis, diarrhea, and dementia. Victims suffered scaling, leprous skin, intestinal distress, lethargy, and depression. The trademark symptom was a butterfly rash—an ugly symmetrical blotch that spread across the victim’s face—marking him or her for all to see. Advanced stages involved hallucinations and even madness.”

          A historian of the American South in the late 1860s reported on typical usage in the region where it was grown: A History of the United States since the Civil War Volume: 1. by Ellis Paxson Oberholtzer; 1917. P 93

          “An observant traveller in the South in 1865 said that in his belief seven-tenths of all persons above the age of twelve years, both male and female, used tobacco in some form. Women could be seen at the doors of their cabins in their bare feet, in their dirty one-piece cotton garments, their chairs tipped back, smoking pipes made of corn cobs into which were fitted reed stems or goose quills. Boys of eight or nine years of age and half-grown girls smoked. Women and girls “dipped” in their houses, on their porches, in the public parlors of hotels and in the streets.”

          The “Social Dip”:
          Tobacco Use by Mid-19th Century Southern Women

          “According to numerous observers of the time, the most distinctive characteristic that set apart many southern women from their Northern sisters was their fondness for tobacco.
          Time and again, Federal soldiers commented about encounters with snuff-dipping or pipe-smoking women and girls in the Confederacy, and the habit occasionally prompted remarks from regional sources as well.”
          http: //civilwarrx.blogspot.co.uk/2016/01/the-social-dip-tobacco-use-by-mid-19th.html
          Formerly on The University of Texas at Tyler website

    • Rose says:

      “The researchers, from the State University of New York at Stony Brook, examined the effect on platelet activity of switching smokers from a low-nicotine to a zero-nicotine cigarette. They found that platelet activation increased significantly more among smokers who switched to zero-nicotine cigarettes than among those who continued to smoke low-nicotine cigarettes. In other words, nicotine did appear to suppress to some extent the platelet activating effect of cigarette smoking. Thus, the absence of nicotine led to higher levels of platelet activation, which would be expected to yield a more thrombotic state, and a higher cardiovascular disease risk.”

      An Old Cholesterol Remedy Is New Again

      In 1975, long before statins, a landmark study of 8,341 men who had suffered heart attacks found that niacin was the only treatment among five tested that prevented second heart attacks. Compared with men on placebos, those on niacin had a 26 percent reduction in heart attacks and a 27 percent reduction in strokes. Fifteen years later, the mortality rate among the men on niacin was 11 percent lower than among those who had received placebos.

      “Here you have a drug that was about as effective as the early statins, and it just never caught on,” said Dr. B. Greg Brown, professor of medicine at the University of Washington in Seattle. “It’s a mystery to me. But if you’re a drug company, I guess you can’t make money on a vitamin.”

      NY Times

      The in vitro effects of niacin on platelet biomarkers in human volunteers.

      “In conclusion, niacin in vitro affects platelet activity by mildly inhibiting aggregation, and stimulating significant prostaglandin release, with mostly intact major platelet receptor expression. The effect of niacin is unique, differs from other known antiplatelet agents, and suggests potential opportunities for therapeutic combination, particularly in patients with low levels of HDL-C.”
      https: //www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20539903

      So if they do bring in low nicotine or nicotine free cigarettes, the answer would seem to be to drink more coffee.

      “Nicotinic acid , also known as vitamin B3 (niacin) is produced by the demethylation of trigonelline at temperatures above 160°C-230°C where approximately 85% is decomposed. But when compared to green coffee – there is an overall net increase of about 10x from green to roasted.
      According to lab experiments formation of nicotinic acid depends more on the roasting temperature than on the actual duration of the roast.

      Interestingly, coffee has been found to contain a significant amount of niacin – providing 10-40mg of niacin/100g of coffee and far exceeding the daily recommended dosage.”

  3. C.F. Apollyon says:

    If slavery was legal/popular in (insert era/region here) but outlawed in (insert era/region here) which caused slavery to be unpopular/illegal in (insert era/region here)…why would slavery NOT be legal/popular in (insert era/region here)? That’s much of what I personally see with mechanization and/or automation…a desire of one or more to get around the rules of others and reinstitute slavery, indentured servitude, and/or monarchy…irrespective of the size and scope of your personal “dom”. (prolly why the legal system is so popular…balance sought via an imbalance that theoretically can be balanced/excised once this imbalance shows itself) But then again I have what most consider to “radical interpretation(s)” as to the concept(s) of rebellion and rebels, and especially as those concepts apply to relating to others and seeking sameness through/via differences. vis-a-vis: when leadership is/are the rebels and/or the rebellion, or at least an quasi-equal rebellion via different means and methods with different goals via available resources.

    EX: Armed police. Give a cop a gun, then get all bent when they actually use it. Nevermind that you are already asking the person to put themselves into situations via proxy so that you personally do not have to deal with these things and can focus on your own life/affairs. So…you give them a gun to make yourself feel better about evening the odds by stacking the deck in the cop’s favor.
    Q: How do you live with the knowledge that you have killed another?
    A: Label it. Justify it. Re-label it. Re-justify it. Stack the deck. Unbalance the equation.

    ^Wishery | Pogo^

    Emily asked me recently about the prevalence of “No Smoking” signs around the area in which I live. I don’t get out much so I didn’t have an answer for her as to recent status of smoking specific placards. But after thinking about it a while, MY personal shock and dismay came when all of the signs began changing from “No Smoking” to “Tobacco Use Prohibited”…which to me being a snuff dipper, pretty much said to me that cops now had a right to physically restrain me and enter my body within certain placarded “no-tobacco” establishments to see if I have tobacco in my mouth.

    Principles/staff at the high school I went to used to do this, and I have a certain vivid recollection of seeing a principle do this on several occasions to fellow students…it was quite shocking. Once, a student refused to let the principle touch him/physically pull down his lip to check for snuff, a scuffle ensued and the principle wound up tackling the student with the aid of several teachers who later arrived, and only knew that a student was assaulting a principle. When these teachers later found out that the principle was only checking for snuff, and the student had refused to let the principle physically touch them, and that this “assault” had degenerated from the principle trying to force the issue with the student eventually defending himself, these teachers were none too happy.

    So yeah…tests and testing. Questions. Build a question(s)/testing/answer(s) based anything, and that’s what you are prolly gonna get.

    That said, and the nature of ANY sort of representative government outside of self-governing and self-government is going to be rife with loopholes and non-applicability. As a representative or lawmaker, you are in a unique position to both know yourself and how best to craft a law that closes those loopholes that may be applicable or even construed as applicable to you personally. It also gives you a lens to apply concepts where others may not notice these concepts since they are thought of as unrelated, dissimilar or even completely disconnected…tobacco control, for example. Tobacco is a dynamic living thing, that as far as we know, is as naturally occurring as we as humans are. Dehumanize the human, or take the life out of the plant via whatever method and means, and it’s open season….eh? ;-)

    ^Nathaniel Rateliff & The Night Sweats – S.O.B. (Official)^

    As I recall, there are instances of stories where enslaving someone was about the only way to save their life. Slaves were granted certain privileges that freemen didn’t have since slaves were property of another, and there were some residency/citizen status issues in there as well. So yeah, when your life is so fucking grand, that you have nothing better to do with your time than to go out and tell everyone else what to do with theirs…welp…quite the pickle. Not interested in politics? We’ll MAKE you interested, and have many tools at our disposal for generating interest.
    Q: I wonder if honesty is on that list?
    A: ???

    ^Schoolly D- PSK, What Does It Mean?^

  4. waltc says:

    It seems to me it’s the nature of all causes to go to their own extremes if only in order to perpetuate themselves. Once they’ve accomplished their original and often quite sensible goals, their only other alternative would be to declare victory and disband. But by that time, not only the sense of power, but the very livelihoods of the flag-bearers themselves are dependent on continuing, and so they continue–with ever smaller, less sensible and far less necessary goals until what was once well-intentioned becomes both irrational and vicious.

    And so revolutions, designed to promote freedom, become as stifling as what they revolted against. And trade unions, which began in order to curb outrageous exploitation and dangerous conditions, get invaded by mobsters and increase their demands till they bankrupt their employers and screw the consumers. And feminism, which arose over issues like suffrage and later equal rights and fair pay, and liberation from stereotypes evolves into this:


    And, of course, Tobacco Control…

  5. Pingback: Missive From ‘Merica: By Any Other Name… – Library of Libraries

No need to log in

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.