How It Used To Be

Via NYC CLASH, how it used to be.

Nurses at the Salford Royal Hospital take advantage of the newly-opened smoking facilities, providing a smoke room for off duty staff. (Photo by Fox Photos/Getty Images). 1938

Nurses at the Salford Royal Hospital take advantage of the newly-opened smoking facilities, providing a smoke room for off duty staff. (Photo by Fox Photos/Getty Images). 1938

75 year-old Mary Parish lights a cigarette for her 101 year-old mother, Mary Ann Parish, at their home in Walworth, London, 14th February 1946. (Photo by Harry Todd/Fox Photos/Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

75 year-old Mary Parish lights a cigarette for her 101 year-old mother, Mary Ann Parish, at their home in Walworth, London, 14th February 1946. (Photo by Harry Todd/Fox Photos/Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

German actress Hildegard Knef (1925–2002) in Munich, 1951. (Photo by Keystone/Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

German actress Hildegard Knef (1925–2002) in Munich, 1951. (Photo by Keystone/Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

Two women lighting cigarettes on a tennis court in Essex, England circa 1930s. (Photo by Keystone View/FPG/Getty Images)

Two women lighting cigarettes on a tennis court in Essex, England circa 1930s. (Photo by Keystone View/FPG/Getty Images)

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About Frank Davis

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31 Responses to How It Used To Be

  1. castello2 says:

    We still take smoke breaks when playing tennis here, near the home of Stanton Glantz. We also take Scotch, tequila, beer and occasional herb breaks. There is still hope for the good ole days. I mostly vape now but I’m with you folks for the most part.

    • harleyrider1978 says:

      The little Mechanical engineer if he had been part of Hitlers Missle program he would have been as miserable as hell as all those top scientists smoked especially VERNER VON BRAHN…………..But no the lil Nazi gets a pass on medical academia to be a leading Nazi more equal to Joseph Gobells than any other character in Nazi Germany………

      How does a government and the likes of these Nazified universities get away with calling SHS nearly the same as ZYKLON B………….

      Even the Japs are getting into the junk science business today!

      http://www.travelerstoday.com/articles/15068/20141128/e,cigarettes,without,carcinogens,study,reveals,truth,behind,carcinogenic,content.htm

      The Japanese scientists said that e-cigarette smoke actually contains carcinogens such as acetaldehyde and formaldehyde

      OSHA SAFE LEVELS

      All this is in a small sealed room 9×20 and must occur in ONE HOUR.

      For Benzo[a]pyrene, 222,000 cigarettes.

      “For Acetone, 118,000 cigarettes.

      “Toluene would require 50,000 packs of simultaneously smoldering cigarettes.

      Acetaldehyde or Hydrazine, more than 14,000 smokers would need to light up.

      “For Hydroquinone, “only” 1250 cigarettes.

      For arsenic 2 million 500,000 smokers at one time.

      The same number of cigarettes required for the other so called chemicals in shs/ets will have the same outcomes.

      So, OSHA finally makes a statement on shs/ets :

      Field studies of environmental tobacco smoke indicate that under normal conditions, the components in tobacco smoke are diluted below existing Permissible Exposure Levels (PELS.) as referenced in the Air Contaminant Standard (29 CFR 1910.1000)…It would be very rare to find a workplace with so much smoking that any individual PEL would be exceeded.” -Letter From Greg Watchman, Acting Sec’y, OSHA.

  2. harleyrider1978 says:

    Smoking is the universal peace and friendship maker. It crosses all cultural barriers,all racial barriers and especially in peace talks…………To think it all started with American Indians Smoking the peace pipe with others…………..Even when cultures clash,wars fought the one thing that is common to both is a smoke!

    So it would seem those who are anti-smoking are also ANTI-PEACE. Hitler rings bell alarms yet again!

  3. harleyrider1978 says:

    Ashes to Ashes is Selective

    By Ravi Shankar

    Published: 30th November 2014 06:00 AM

    Adolf Hitler hated smoking and would not allow anyone to light up in his presence. In Tsarist Russia, smokers risked their noses being cut off. The Ottoman Sultan Murad IV executed smokers. In Indonesia, there is a fatwa against smoking. No personal habit has faced so many diktats as smoking. The government’s proposed ban on selling loose cigarettes has smokers fuming. India has 120 million smokers, of which 30 per cent of men love the butt. The number of Indian female smokers has more than doubled, from about 5.3 million to 12.2 million between 1980 and 2012 while surprisingly men are inhaling less. By 2020, over 1.20 million Indians would die from tobacco-related causes.

    Ironically, global awareness about tobacco’s impact on health wasn’t available until the 1950s. Doctors recommended smoking as healthy and tobacco companies used medical approval to sell cigarettes. A Philip Morris ad even showed a doctor prescribing cigarettes, with the strapline “For your patients with sore throats and cough, Phillip Morris cigarettes”. This is despite the fact that in 1930, researchers proved that smoking caused cancer and non-smokers lived longer than smokers, and the media featured articles on tobacco’s carcinogenic correlation.

    Sustained anti-smoking campaigns and government bans seem to be working, but selectively. Chhattisgarh has banned chewable tobacco. The debate on smoking as a health hazard has already been won. However, it continues on whether cigarette makers are soft targets to be easily attacked because anti-smoking is politically and morally correct in an increasingly health-conscious urban India. Herein lies the rub. The politically powerful beedi industry remains outside the purview of such legislation; even though there are five beedi smokers for each cigarette smoker. India has 100 million of them, and 750 billion to 1.2 trillion beedis are made every year. Studies show that of the 10 lakh tobacco-related deaths in India, six lakh are beedi smokers.

    The government action to restrict cigarettes, however laudable, is discriminating. Cigarettes being ostracised as beedis escape government wrath is an example of India vs Bharat. The tobacco war is selectively about what is considered essential and non-essential, acceptable and taboo. Energy is an essential need that even won the UPA elections in 2009. A conservation study found that in 2011-12, coal plant emissions resulted in 115,000 premature deaths and more than 20 million asthma cases. The indirect effects were heart attacks, hospital admissions and lost workdays with a health cost impact of `23,000 crore. In rural India, biomass burning releases 50 per cent of toxic gases. A Centre for Science and Environment’s (CSE) analysis revealed that air pollution causes over six lakh premature deaths in India annually (3,000 children in Delhi alone) and costs the country over $80 billion in healthcare. With the number of vehicles in India set to reach 450 million by 2030, an international transportation study notes that vehicular emission causes 40,000 premature deaths in Indian metros yearly. Little is done to control industrial pollution, which is a greater health hazard. Discharged industrial effluents and untreated sewage are choking our rivers, poisoning groundwater and spreading water-borne diseases.

    In this poisonous scenario, the health police has to look beyond the ashtray to address the myriad forms of death that go beyond toxic political choices.

    Ravi@newindianexpress.com

    http://www.newindianexpress.com/columns/ravi_shankar/2014/11/30/Ashes-to-Ashes-is-Selective/article2547173.ece

  4. harleyrider1978 says:

    Ponzi: Treasury Issues $1T in New Debt in 8 Weeks—To Pay Old Debt

    So everything is a recovery said every liberal news agency and finance news agency for years……
    We serfs always knew better though……

    The Daily Treasury Statement that was released Wednesday afternoon as Americans were preparing to celebrate Thanksgiving revealed that the U.S. Treasury has been forced to issue $1,040,965,000,000 in new debt since fiscal 2015 started just eight weeks ago in order to raise the money to pay off Treasury securities that were maturing and to cover new deficit spending by the government.

    During those eight weeks, Treasury took in $341,591,000,000 in revenues. That was a record for the period between Oct. 1 and Nov. 25. But that record $341,591,000,000 in revenues was not enough to finance ongoing government spending let alone pay off old debt that matured.

    The Treasury also drew down its cash balance by $45.057 billion during the period, starting with $126,568,000,000 in cash and ending with $81,511,000,000.

    The only way the Treasury could handle the $942,103,000,000 in old debt that matured during the period plus finance the new deficit spending the government engaged in was to roll over the old debt into new debt and issue enough additional new debt to cover the new deficit spending.

    This mode of financing the federal government resembles what the Securities and Exchange Commission calls a Ponzi scheme. “A Ponzi scheme,” says the Securities and Exchange Commission, “is an investment fraud that involves the payment of purported returns to existing investors from funds contributed by new investors,” says the Securities and Exchange Commission.

    “With little or no legitimate earnings, the schemes require a consistent flow of money from new investors to continue,” explains the SEC. “Ponzi schemes tend to collapse when it becomes difficult to recruit new investors or when a large number of investors ask to cash out.”

    In testimony before the Senate Finance Committee in October 2013, Lew explained why he wanted the Congress to agree to increase the federal debt limit—and why the Treasury has no choice but to constantly issue new debt.

    Every week we roll over approximately $100 billion in U.S. bills,” Lew told the committee. “If U.S. bondholders decided that they wanted to be repaid rather than continuing to roll over their investments, we could unexpectedly dissipate our entire cash balance.”

    “There is no plan other than raising the debt limit that permits us to meet all of our obligations,” Lew said.

    “Let me remind everyone,” Lew said, “principal on the debt is not something we pay out of our cash flow of revenues. Principal on the debt is something that is a function of the markets rolling over.”

    The vast amount of debt that the Treasury must roll over in such a short time frame is driven by the fact the Treasury has put most of the debt into short-term “bills” and mid-term “notes”—on which it can pay lower interest rates—rather than into long-term bonds, which demand significantly higher interest rates.

    At the end of October, according to the Treasury’s Monthly Statement of the Public Debt, the total debt of the federal government was $17,937,160,000,000.

    Of this, $5,080,104,000,000 was what the Treasury calls “intragovernmental” debt, which is money the Treasury has borrowed and spent out of trust funds theoretically set aside for other purposes—such as the Social Security Trust Fund.

    The remaining $12,857,056,000,000 was “debt held by the public.” This part of the debt included $517,029,000,000 “nonmarketable” Treasury securities (such as savings bonds) and $12,340,028,000,000 in “marketable” Treasury securities, including bills, notes, bonds and Treasuring Inflation-Protected Securities.

    But only $1,547,073,000,000 of the $12,857,056,000,000 in marketable debt was in long-term Treasury bonds that mature in 30 years. These bonds carried an average interest rate of 4.919 percent as of the end of October, according to the Treasury.

    The largest share of the marketable debt–$8,192,466,000,000—was in notes that mature in 2,3,5,7 or 10 years, and which haf an average interest rate of 1.807 percent as of the end of October.

    Another $1,412,388,000,000 of the marketable debt was in Treasury bills, which carry “maturities ranging from a few days to 52 weeks,” says the Treasury. These $1.4 trillion in short-term Treasury bills had an average interest rate of 0.056 percent as of the end of October, according to the Treasury.

    The continual rolling over of these short-term, low-interest bills helped drive over the $1-trillion mark the new debt the Treasury had to issue in the first eight weeks of this fiscal year.

    The Treasury has taken out what amounts to an adjustable-rate mortgage on our ever-growing national debt.

    If the Treasury were forced to convert the $1.4 trillion in short-term bills (on which it now pays an average interest rate of 0.056 percent) into 30-year bonds at the average rate it is now paying on such bonds (4.919 percent) the interest on that $1.4 trillion in debt would increase 88-fold.

    ARE WE BANKRUPT YET…………OR HAVE WE ALWAYS BEEN BANKRUPT!

    http://cnsnews.com/mrctv-blog/terence-p-jeffrey/ponzi-treasury-issues-1t-new-debt-8-weeks-pay-old-debt

    • harleyrider1978 says:

      The Treasury has taken out what amounts to an adjustable-rate mortgage on our ever-growing national debt.

      That’s why I sold the Farm and downsized 3 years ago and moved to Kentucky besides smoking………….adjustable rates and we knew that they would sky rocket in the end and my farm was an adj rate at 1% over prime. Can you imagine my payment that was 800 a month at 5.6% what itd be at 18% plus prime 1%………………

      The collapse is imminent if only theyd have let it fall apart to start wth instead of borrowing and printing Hundreds of trillions in new money worldwide……..everybody has been doing it !

  5. harleyrider1978 says:

    Exclusive: U.S. CEOs threaten to pull tacit Obamacare support over ‘wellness’ spat

    NEW YORK (Reuters) – Leading U.S. CEOs, angered by the Obama administration’s challenge to certain “workplace wellness” programs, are threatening to side with anti-Obamacare forces unless the government backs off, according to people familiar with the matter.

    Major U.S. corporations have broadly supported President Barack Obama’s healthcare reform despite concerns over several of its elements, largely because it included provisions encouraging the wellness programs.

    The programs aim to control healthcare costs by reducing smoking, obesity, hypertension and other risk factors that can lead to expensive illnesses. A bipartisan provision in the 2010 healthcare reform law allows employers to reward workers who participate and penalize those who don’t.

    But recent lawsuits filed by the administration’s Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), challenging the programs at Honeywell International and two smaller companies, have thrown the future of that part of Obamacare into doubt.

    The lawsuits infuriated some large employers so much that they are considering aligning themselves with Obama’s opponents, according to people familiar with the executives’ thinking.

    “The fact that the EEOC sued is shocking to our members,” said Maria Ghazal, vice-president and counsel at the Business Roundtable, a group of chief executives of more than 200 large U.S. corporations. “They don’t understand why a plan in compliance with the ACA (Affordable Care Act) is the target of a lawsuit,” she said. “This is a major issue to our members.”

    “There have been conversations at the most senior levels of the administration about this,” she added.
    https://news.yahoo.com/exclusive-u-ceos-threaten-pull-tacit-obamacare-support-120556143–sector.html

    • waltc says:

      Interesting. Politics sure make strange bedfellows. Employers and government demanding that people submit to invasions of their physical privacy, be forced to take unwanted drugs (whether Chantix or statins) with dangerous (and, ironically,costly) side effects, and be forced into re-education classes, is a huge violation of civil liberties so the paradox is that the same government that demanded or condoned this violation is also (and, in fact, correctly) fighting it, and the joke is that the corporations, who obviously like playing unter-fuhrers, are balking at the undermining of their powers and now threatening to fight against the whole ugly law. Unfortunately, I’ll bet they’ll successfully lobby the O administration, be able to continue their rotten control, and continue to support both O and his law.

      OTOH, how nice for individual liberty if the EEOC wins and the CEOs suddenly fight against the law– though for all the wrong reasons.

      ” The enemy of my enemy,” as they say, “is my friend.”

  6. Lepercolonist says:

    Enjoyed those photographs. Especially 101 year old Mary Ann Parish.

  7. Lepercolonist says:

    I’m having a flame war at horse handicapping site {paceadvantage.com} concerning the total smoke ban coming July 1st at my local casino and horsetrack: Mountaineer. West Virginia.

    Hancock OKs countywide smoking ban
    August 27, 2014
    By STEPHEN HUBA – Special to the Herald-Star , Herald-Star

    NEW CUMBERLAND – Despite emotional, last-minute pleas from Mountaineer Casino, Racetrack and Resort employees, the Hancock County health board on Tuesday unanimously approved an indoor, countywide smoking ban with no exemptions for gaming facilities.

    The long-anticipated action makes Hancock County the 29th county in West Virginia to adopt a comprehensive Clean Air Regulation that bans smoking in all indoor public places and places of employment.

    For months, the policy under consideration by the five-member board has divided the county – between people who say they don’t want to be exposed to secondhand smoke and people who say the regulation will drive out-of-state smokers away from Mountaineer and other gaming destinations.

    The debate also has been intensely watched at the state level, bringing out anti-tobacco activists and supporters of the state’s gaming industry.

    In the end, health board members said their chief aim, the promotion of public health, will be good for the Hancock County economy.

    The regulation, which takes effect on July 1, 2015, bans smoking in all restaurants, gaming facilities, private clubs, sports arenas, places of employment and concert venues, as well as certain outdoor public places.

    “Change is a hard thing,” health board member Phil Rujak said, “but everyone will adapt.”

    Rujak, who made the motion to adopt the policy, said he has “great confidence” that Mountaineer and other smoking ban opponents will be able to adjust. “Those people are smart business people. They have the ability and the know-how to make things work,” he said.

    Board President Rick Smith said the delayed effective date will give all those covered by the regulation time to “prepare and adhere to the policies that are forthcoming.”

    Mountaineer officials recently were given a booklet titled “Implementing a Smoke-Free Regulation: A Guide for Hospitality Venues,” with chapters such as “Time to Move On,” “Transitioning to Smoke-Free,” “Training Employees” and “Talking with Customers.”

    Smith said the board, throughout the months of discussion and dissension, stayed single-minded in its focus on public health.

    “It’s two different issues – revenue and life – and you can’t compare the two,” he said. “This was not, in any way, an easy process or a decision made in haste.”

    In the months leading up to Tuesday’s vote, Mountaineer officials warned that an all-encompassing smoking ban, with no exceptions, would reduce business at the casino by 20 percent, which could result in layoffs and less tax revenue for Hancock County.

    Hancock County Commissioner Jeff Davis shared that view, saying the loss of business at Mountaineer will result in an annual loss of $1 million in tax revenue to the county. Davis asked that the policy’s implementation be delayed for a year because the county’s budget for fiscal year 2015 is already set.

    Mountaineer General Manager Chris Kern, wearing the same red-lettered “Save Our Job” T-shirt as his employees, seemed visibly shaken by Tuesday’s vote.

    “We are disheartened and dismayed with the actions by the (board). We were hoping that the board would listen to the compromises we set forth,” he said. “What we do now and when – we don’t know that yet.”

    Kern said Mountaineer will comply with the policy but can’t predict what will happen. “I think there’s going to be a panic at my place. They’re going to be concerned (about the possibility of layoffs),” he said.

    Prior to the vote, Mountaineer had offered to make 80 percent of its hotel, 10 percent of the gaming floor and 100 percent of public areas – restaurants, trackside areas, banquet and meeting facilities, the Harv, the spa and the gift shop – non-smoking.

    Currently, Mountaineer permits smoking on the casino floor, access ways, hotel lobby and trackside, and offers both smoking and non-smoking hotel rooms. Smoking also is permitted in the Mahogany Sports Bar and a limited area of the Gatsby Dining Room.

    Three of the Mountaineer’s restaurants – Riverfront Buffet, La Bonne Vie and Big Al’s – are completely non-smoking, as is one of the slot gaming rooms.

    Of the five casinos in West Virginia, only the Greenbrier in White Sulfur Springs and Mardi Gras Casino & Resort in Cross Lanes near Charleston prohibit smoking. The latter is the result of stricter smoking regulations adopted by Kanawha County in 2008, said Christina Mickey, project coordinator for the Smoke-Free Initiative of West Virginia.

    Elsewhere in the state – at Hollywood Casino at Charles Town Races and Wheeling Island Hotel-Casino-Racetrack – stricter smoking regulations adopted by Jefferson County in 2004 and Ohio County in 2005 have exemptions for gaming facilities.

    But Mickey said the trend in the state is toward the kind of action taken Tuesday by the Hancock County health board.

    “In the past five or six years, we haven’t seen a board of health that has gone back to revisit regulations make any exemptions. This (Hancock County) regulation is very consistent with what other boards are passing,” she said.

    “West Virginia boards of health are following the same national trend, which is going back and removing any exemptions where workers and the public are exposed (to secondhand smoke),” Mickey said. “With the addition of Hancock County’s regulation, that will be three of the five casinos that will be smoke-free.”

    Mickey said the mentality of some smoking ban opponents that “the sky is falling” is unwarranted and unsupported by the evidence.

    “It’s more how the business owner accepts and transitions to a status of a smoke-free environment, and makes the most of this change, that impacts their business,” she said. “Overall, boards of health continue to report a great buy-in from their communities and great compliance levels.”

    The policy, as adopted on Tuesday, bans smoking in all restaurants, bars, gaming facilities, private clubs, hotels, motels, restaurants, bingo operations, fire department facilities, retail stores, tobacco businesses, concert venues, sports arenas, bowling lanes and other enclosed public places.

    It also bans smoking in public parks, including pavilions, playgrounds, fairs, festivals, outdoor service lines, outdoor serving areas of restaurants and other outdoor public places. All places of employment are covered by the regulation.

    Any designated outdoor smoking areas will have to be at least 20 feet from an entrance, exit or ventilation unit, according to the policy. No-smoking signs will have to be posted in all areas covered by the policy.

    The regulation does not apply to private residences, including individual apartments or housing units that are part of a multi-unit apartment building.

    The regulation gives the health department enforcement powers, including the authority to inspect for compliance, take complaints and file charges. Violation of the regulation is considered a misdemeanor punishable by a monetary fine.

    In July, the board removed golf courses from the regulation and made a slight change to a provision having to do with the property around health care facilities.

    This health board is composed of 5 unelected officials. The health board will not respond to documentation and questions submitted by management at Mountaineer. These fascist zealots are uncompromising, vindictive, and megalomaniacal.

    • Smoking Lamp says:

      This effectively describes the contemporary tobacco control tactic of executive fiat. It also demonstrates the trend toward comprehensive indoor-outdoor bans. It is imperative to gain freedom of choice options and repeal smoking bans.

    • waltc says:

      The answer, if possible, is to try to organize a widespread boycott. See if there’s a way to reach travel agents by email, for instance, advising them that their smoking clients would likely be happier elsewhere. Then, too, if possible, once the ban kicks in, to organize a constant picket line (you don’;t even need a lot of people tho you may need a permit) with some smart slogans on placards, and hand out information packets and website urls to people who do and who don;t cross the line. It might be tangentially interesting to know how the full-ban casinos were affected financially and for how long (in terms of the “adaptation” argument)) and whether those county bans also included the hotel rooms themselves as this one appears to. The only way to reach these superior SOB’s is with a bullet through their wallets and (too bad) the wallets of the casino owners and their employees.

      • waltc says:

        Might also be interesting to have people book rooms for July in say, June, and then cancel once they “learn” of the prospective ban. Or have people call ostensibly to plan an office conference or a convention or a wedding party for a large number of people and then ask if they have enough smoking rooms and, when told that there are none, say Forget It on the spot.

        • waltc says:

          Further thought: If there ARE layoffs, I’d bet those newly unemployed staff would be happy to picket. (As you can tell, this is boiling my blood.)

    • harleyrider1978 says:

      Your only relief is to get the state legislature to revoke the health depts. dictates to only there core mission health inspections of food services and septic permits………

      Other than that they have now become POLICE ENTITIES by their own accord.

    • harleyrider1978 says:

      Leper just give us a direct link to the fight…………we got an army to bust dat ass with here.

  8. harleyrider1978 says:

    Anti-smoking zealots should leave Hy-Vee alone

    I noted with interest the recent appeal to Hy-Vee by anti-smoking activists who want the company to quit selling tobacco products. It would be a huge mistake for Hy-Vee to succumb to the wishes of the Iowa Tobacco Prevention Alliance. Not only would it be the beginning of bowing to a group of organized zealots, but it would, in all probability, do no good in reducing tobacco consumption.

    As a reformed nicotine addict I can speak from experience. If Hy-Vee had stopped selling cigarettes back in the 1980s (when I last lit up a cigarette), I would have gone literally anywhere in order to obtain my drug and satisfy my habit. Numerous studies have shown that for smokers to successfully quit, they must want to quit. They’re not going to stop smoking because Hy-Vee removed cigarettes from its stores.

    And what’s next? Will Hy-Vee be attacked for selling meat products? We all know that consumption of meat is detrimental to our health. What about alcohol? Maybe the Women’s Christian Temperance Union should begin demonstrations in front of Hy-Vee and attempt to deny its customers a cold beer on a hot July day as they barbecue a tofu steak at the family picnic.

    Hy-Vee, in my opinion, should continue to operate its business in a way that allows it to produce a profit for stockholders and continue to support the large number of charities receiving millions of dollars from one of Iowa’s outstanding corporate citizens
    http://www.desmoinesregister.com/story/opinion/readers/2014/11/30/leave-hy-vee-alone/19687817/

  9. prog says:

    OT – Islamist plans right on track, and the West is helping (Raymond Ibrahim).

    http://www.thecommentator.com/article/5337/islamist_plans_right_on_track_and_the_west_is_helping

    If any eyes were opened after the 9/11 attacks, they weren’t Western eyes — certainly not the eyes of Western leadership, mainstream media, and academia. Islamists believe they’re right on track. They could be right.

    On August 12, 2005, Spiegel Online International published an article titled “The Future of Terrorism: What al-Qaeda Really Wants.” Written by Yassin Musharbash, the article was essentially a review of a book written by Fouad Hussein, a Jordanian journalist with close access to al-Qaeda and its affiliates, including the late Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, who pioneered the videotaping of beheadings, “to strike terror into the hearts” of infidels, (Koran 3:151).

    An Islamic Caliphate in Seven Easy Steps

    The First Phase Known as “the awakening” — this has already been carried out and was supposed to have lasted from 2000 to 2003, or more precisely from the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 in New York and Washington to the fall of Baghdad in 2003. The aim of the attacks of 9/11 was to provoke the US into declaring war on the Islamic world and thereby “awakening” Muslims. “The first phase was judged by the strategists and masterminds behind al-Qaeda as very successful,” writes Hussein. “The battle field was opened up and the Americans and their allies became a closer and easier target.” The terrorist network is also reported as being satisfied that its message can now be heard “everywhere.”

    The Second Phase “Opening Eyes” is, according to Hussein’s definition, the period we are now in [writing in 2005] and should last until 2006. Hussein says the terrorists hope to make the western conspiracy aware of the “Islamic community.” Hussein believes this is a phase in which al-Qaeda wants an organization to develop into a movement. The network is banking on recruiting young men during this period. Iraq should become the center for all global operations, with an “army” set up there and bases established in other Arabic states.

    The Third Phase This is described as “Arising and Standing Up” and should last from 2007 to 2010. “There will be a focus on Syria,” prophesies Hussein, based on what his sources told him. The fighting cadres are supposedly already prepared and some are in Iraq. Attacks on Turkey and — even more explosive — in Israel are predicted. Al-Qaeda’s masterminds hope that attacks on Israel will help the terrorist group become a recognized organization. The author also believes that countries neighboring Iraq, such as Jordan, are also in danger.

    The Fourth Phase Between 2010 and 2013, Hussein writes that al-Qaeda will aim to bring about the collapse of the hated Arabic governments. The estimate is that “the creeping loss of the regimes’ power will lead to a steady growth in strength within al-Qaeda.” At the same time attacks will be carried out against oil suppliers and the US economy will be targeted using cyber terrorism.

    The Fifth Phase This will be the point at which an Islamic state, or caliphate, can be declared. The plan is that by this time, between 2013 and 2016, Western influence in the Islamic world will be so reduced and Israel weakened so much, that resistance will not be feared. Al-Qaeda hopes that by then the Islamic state will be able to bring about a new world order.

    The Sixth Phase Hussein believes that from 2016 onwards there will a period of “total confrontation.” As soon as the caliphate has been declared the “Islamic army” it will instigate the “fight between the believers and the non-believers” which has so often been predicted by Osama bin Laden.

    The Seventh Phase This final stage is described as “definitive victory.” Hussein writes that in the terrorists’ eyes, because the rest of the world will be so beaten down by the “one-and-a-half billion Muslims,” the caliphate will undoubtedly succeed. This phase should be completed by 2020, although the war shouldn’t last longer than two years.

    Appraisal of each step by Raymond Ibrahim.

  10. beobrigitte says:

    I really did enjoy the pictures, Thanks! But I would enjoy much more having “How it used to be” as “How it is”.
    Sure, we still can do a sport and take a smoke break. But if the location of the sport is somewhere that has a roof and walls, I am being kicked out the opening we call “door” if I want to smoke a cigarette.

    Looks like Labour is getting a tad desperate:
    http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-30265833
    Mr Balls said Labour’s proposed ‘mansion tax’ on properties worth £2m and over would raise the money to invest £2.5bn “over and above” the government’s spending plans into the health service, although he later he told BBC Radio 5 Live’s Pienaar’s Politics: “If he is doing it through a 10% cut in child benefit, then I will have to think again.”

    How interesting! The online edition omits that it would be the MANSION TAX as well as TOBACCO TAX raising the money to invest £2.5bn “over and above” the government’s spending plans into the health service… At least this was what was announced on tv today.

    Smokers are voters…..

  11. garyk30 says:

    ‘How It Used To Be’

    If you are old enough:
    Outdoor toilets(chamberpots indoors)

    No electricity

    No hot running water

    Very little insulation

    Cars started with a crank

    No air or heat in those cars

    No ambulance service

    Limited offerings in the grocery stores

    etc

    • garyk30 says:

      School rooms were either too damn hot or too damn cold with little ventilation for fresh air

      • garyk30 says:

        Most of those cigs were un-filtered ones that tended to stick to your lips.

        In the 40’s, 55 was an old person and have of the deaths were before 65.

        Due to the lack of modern medical stuff, there were a lot of crippled and disabled people struggling to get by.

        In 1945, that 101 year old woman was probably one of a very rare group of seniors.

  12. smokingscot says:

    O/T

    For some reason I find it quite remarkable that Mr. Putin took time to spend a few minutes with Ms. Chan of the WHO and nod in the correct places (save for price hikes) about all the wonderful things they’re doing to rid the world of smoking.

    Then, just over six weeks later they announce they’re going to close 28 hospitals and sack 10,000 health workers in the Moscow area!

    http://www.dailymail.co.uk/wires/ap/article-2852724/Russian-doctor-rebellion-causes-headache-Putin.html

    Of course the blame can be laid at the door of the EU / USA for their crippling sanctions but I have a sneaking suspicion Mr. Putin knew about this when he conversed with Madam Chan.

    Anyway Russia’s loss will be our gain. Our NHS takes on pretty well anyone who’s got a qualification and is desperate.

  13. Woods42 says:

    Frank, did you happen to see part 1 of the new danish tv series “The Legacy” ? The openning scene has someone smoking and many of the characters smoke, even INDOORS – shock, horror!

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